Ayurvedic View for the Migraine

The principles of Ayurveda said that Migraine is a tridoshic disorder, Out of the three doshas; Vata and Pitta are more causative factors for this disorder. The Vata controls the nervous system imbalance of the vata causes the disturbance of the equilibrium of the nervous system of the brain that causes pain. The improper diet, metabolism, faulty life style, poor elimination, mental and physical stress, irregular routein , excessive awaking during night aggravates the vata dosha.

The improper diet and lifestyle causes a Vitiated Pitta dosha causes dilation of the blood vessels resulting in severe and throbbing pain.  Pitta dosha impairs digestion and the “ama” produced by this gets stored in the Manovah Strotas (Mind Channels) and causes the migraine pain.

Dryness  of skin , constipation . Pain is very acute
Redness and burning sensation in the eyes. Photophobia  ( Hypersensitivity from Light , Sun light) . Irritability.
Throbbing pain, fatigue, depression.

Shleshma-pitta Vs Migraine

Reference: Madhav Nidan (Classical Ayurvedic   text; describing etio-pathogenesis and diagnosis Of the diseases)

Causes of Shleshma-pitta /Migraine According to Ayurveda

      • Irregular eating habits such as, wrong food combination, quantity and timings
      • Long gap or intermittent eating pattern, crash dieting
      • Stale, over salty, spicy, sour food
      • Over use of tea coffee, aerated drinks and re-processed food
      • Arrest of basic urges like sleep, hunger, urine, stool etc.
      • Irregular life style, anxiety, worry and lack of exercises
      • Use of certain drugs and diseases affecting the hepato-billiary system.
      •  Improper diet and lifestyle causes aggravation of Pitta (Ayurvedic humor representing Fire) in the body. In an aggravated state, Pitta impairs digestion, leading to production of digestive impurities (known as ama). This ama gets stored in the manovahi strotas (mind channels), thereby becoming the cause for pains in migraine.

1:Diet & Lifestyle Advice

      • Avoid hot, spicy foods, fermented foods, white sugar, white flour products, and sour or citrus fruits, because they aggravate the Pitta in your body.
      • Drink more water and eat more fiber, fruits and vegetables, and whole grains
      • Avoid excessive sugar or salt, refined foods, animal products (meats and dairy), caffeine, tea, and alcohol, as these items will further lead to aggravation of Pitta.
      • Avoid direct exposure to the sun, as migraine headaches are predominantly a Pitta disorder and can be triggered by the hot sun.
      • Head massage with Bhringraj Oil and Brahami oil are beneficial. This massage gives a calming effect to your nervous system.
      • Headaches caused due to tension and worry can be alleviated through deep breathing and relaxation, especially in a lying down position in a quiet place. Inverted postures, or those where the head is lowered briefly, increase oxygen to the brain and can reduce headache-causing strain.

Panchkarma is very effective treatment in Migraine pains.Panchakarma is a speciality of Ayurveda having preventive, promotive and curative actions and indicated in wide range of disease conditions/ health problems. It is a bio-cleansing regimen, which facilitates the body system for better availability of therapies, besides achieving homeostasis of humours.

Panchakarma is beneficial for:

1. Preventive and promotive health

2. Before performing rejuvenative therapies

3. Management of various systemic diseases viz. Joint, Musculoskeletal, Dermatological, Neurological, Psychiatric, Gynaecological, Respiratory, Geriatric disorders, digestive disorder etc.

4. The regimen is also widely prescribed in chronic diseases for improving the quality of life.

3:Nasya (administration of herbal oils into the nostrils) is very effective treatment.

4:Shirodhara Treatment is especially highly recommended treatment.

5:Indian Head massage with the Bramahi and Balaashwagandadhi Oil

6:Ayurvedic Medicine:  Compound formulation herbal medicine

  • Narikela Lavan
  • Rasonadi vati
  • Godanti Mishran
  • Sitopaladi churan
  • Sarasawatristam
  • Brhami vati

Some single Herbs are useful in Migraine

Various Ayurvedic medicines such as Brahmi, Sanku puspi, Mandukparni, Jatamansi, vacha,Ashwagandha, Shilajeet, Sarpagandha, Guduchi, Yastimadhu are used in the treatment based on the patient’s condition/disease or disorder. Ayurvedic medicine can be used in the form of  single herbs or in compound formulations. These are in the form of Tablets, Syrup (Aristam), Lehyams, Kashyam (decoctions), Ghritam, Guggulu preparations medicine and various types of oils which are useful in the Ayurvedic treatment.

Above all procedures and medicines are aimed at removing the root cause of the headache and the pain

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